Millions of cats breed without human intervention or our knowledge, resulting in a myriad of coat selections or patterns and faces, noted the International Cat Care, the ultimate resource on feline health. You will most likely hear the words “non-pedigrees,” “moggies,” “street cats,” and more— all of which have different physical appearances depending on their genes.
Most of them will have a short coat while others will have longer coats. What if cats are bred specifically to have certain physical characteristics and to exhibit breed-related behaviors? These are called pedigree cats.
Owners’ Motivations in Purchasing Pedigree Cats, Particularly On the Acquisition of Brachycephalic Cats (2019)
Liran Plitman and colleagues of MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute), a publisher of peer-reviewed open access journals, included 1,367 responses in the data analysis, 882 for non-pedigree cats (NP) (64.5%), 400 were for pedigree (P; excluding extreme BC cat breeds) (29.3%), and 85 were extreme BC breeds (i.e. Persona and Exotic Shorthair) (6.2%).
On a scale of 1-3, with 1 being “little or no influence” to 3 being “strong influence, NP owners rated their cats’ appearance (94.2%), behavior (81.2%), companionship (86.4%), and ease of maintenance (85.9%) as “3.” For P owners, they gave a rating of 3 for their cats’ appearance (98.5%), companionship (94.8%), health (909.5%), and behavior (88.7%). Among BC owners, they gave a score of 3 for their feline’s appearance (95.3%), companionship (91.8%), behavior (87.1%), and health (78.6%).
On a scale of 1-3, with 1 being “unhappy” and 3 being “happy,” NP (98.3%), P (98.3%), and BC (97.6%) owners rated their satisfaction as 3 when asked how happy are they with their cat. Only a few owners were not happy with their cat (0.8% of NP, 0.5% of P, and 0 of BC). When asked if the respondents would recommend the breed, a large proportion of NP (89.8%), P (90.8%), and BC (77.6%) owners answered “yes.”
28% of NP, 77% of P, and 58.8% of BC owners researched the breed/type prior to acquisition. More NP owners (72%) did not research the breed unlike 23% of P and 41.2% of BC owners. The most common sources for P owners were online research/websites (77%), talking to a breeder (70.5%), and talking to a veterinarian (17.4%). Among NP owners, the most common sources were using websites (67.3%), talking to a vet (34.8%), and talking to a breeder (9.1%). 83.3% of BC owners also conducted their research online, while others talked to a breeder (53.3%) or a vet (6.5%). NP owners acquired their cat from a charity rescue/shelter (37.5%), a friend/neighbor (27.7%), and found/rescued (19.4%).
P owners cited their breeder (71%) as their main mode of acquisition, but some self-bred (8%) their cat or acquired it from a charity rescue/shelter (6.5%). For B owners, they acquired their cat from a breeder (54.1%), a charity rescue/shelter (16.5%), and a friend/neighbor (11.8%). The authors suggested that BC cat owners are not fully aware of their cats’ potential health issues or underestimate their severity, thereby compromising their pet feline’s health and wellness. Owners, breeders, and veterinarians should be educated about conscientious breeding, responsible pet acquisition, BC-related disorders, and cat welfare.
What Is A Pedigree Cat?
In some way or another, pedigree cats are considered special and cost a lot of money. However, it is better to think of them as different rather “superior” than non-pedigrees (moggies). Moggies originate from a “real mix of cats,” but pedigrees are bred from specific or very similar cats from the same “breed” or with other breeds within a certain breed certain. Pedigrees are also bred to create a new breed.
This means that breeders can select a certain appearance or color and behavioral traits to pass on to the offspring. The problem here is the limited size of the “gene pool.” Your cat’s physical appearance may be guaranteed but problems can arise because of the said gene pool, which can be inherited by the next generation.
What Are Some Examples of Pedigrees?
1. British Shorthair
It comes from ordinary domestic cats and have a variety of colors and coat patterns ranging from white to black to silver tabby, said Purina, a producer and marketer of pet food. British shorthairs are sturdy, healthy cats endowed with a strong muscle body. They have short legs, a round face, and a thick, short coat. British shorthairs are independent and undemanding, but they will also enjoy a warm cuddle if offered.
One of the oldest pedigrees, Persian cats are known for their long, thick coat that can grow up to six inches. The Persian’s body shape is known as “cobby,” meaning their neck and legs are quite short and have a broad chest. If you work full-time, the Persian is an ideal breed for you as it loves sleeping. To stop it from becoming lonely, consider having another Persian cat to keep it company.
It comes in two types: shorthair and semi-longhair. The shorthair types are described as a colored Siamese (that is, without the pointed markings) while the longhair is called the Angora. Their physical and character traits are similar to that of the Siamese; however, only the white variety has blue eyes while other colors have yellow or green eyes.
A medium-sized breed with a sturdy body and a canine-like loyalty, Burmese cats are known for their assertiveness and enthusiasm to play retrieve games. They also love to join in whatever task you are engaging in. For example, if you are reading a newspaper, expect the cat to sit on it.
Is A Pedigree Pet The One For You?
You know what you are getting if you want to get a pedigree cat. Pedigrees are known for their distinct personalities, making them an ideal pet if you want a cat that suits your lifestyle and circumstance. For example, you can choose a Persian cat if you want a laidback feline on your lap. If you want a more active cat that is eager to learn tricks, a Siamese cat would be a good fit.
Bear in mind that some breeds are dependent on their owners for cars. If you own a Persian cat, you are responsible for keeping its coat tangle-free. If you have a Sphynx cat, you need to bath and clean it to deal with the oil. The oil should coat the hair, instead, it remains on the skin. Sphynx also needs to be protected from sunburn and unable to cope with cold weather.
While owning a pedigree is exciting, owners need to do their homework before acquiring one. Owners should contact a veterinarian to determine which health issues are more prevalent in certain pedigree breeds. Asking the right questions and choosing the right breeder or cat can help the acquisition process more successful.