Here's the Second Person to Have Been Cured of HIV
Wed, April 21, 2021

Here's the Second Person to Have Been Cured of HIV

 

Medical professionals have made incredible strides in weakening the lethality of HIV/AIDS and modern HIV Drugs have extended the lives of countless patients. These have allowed patients to live as close to a “normal,” healthy life as possible. Unfortunately, HIV/AIDS remains fatal for many people worldwide and the medications are still not a cure.

 

Credits: All That’s Interesting

 

The recent report about Adam Castillejo, 40, who has been cured of HIV, gives hope to many people living with the same condition. Castillejo is the second person who has been declared functionally cured of the condition, next to Timothy Ray Brown from Berlin in 2011. Both of them were diagnosed with cancer and HIV as well as received bone marrow transplants as part of a stem cell treatment to fight their diseases. After these transplants, medical professionals were surprised to find out that the presence of the HIV-1 virus in Brown and Castillejo’s bodies had disappeared.

 

Credits: All That’s Interesting

 

“We propose that these results represent the second ever case of a patient to be cured of HIV. Our findings show that the success of stem cell transplantation as a cure for HIV, first reported nine years ago in the Berlin patient, can be replicated,” lead author and University of Cambridge professor Ravindra Kumar Gupta said. 

According to All That’s Interesting, a site for curious people who want to know more about what they see on the news or read in history books, doctors were hesitant to declare Castillejo cured because he was in nearly complete “remission of the virus” last year. But, after more than 30 months in remission without antiretroviral therapy, they are ready to declare him free of the virus. 

 

Credits: All That’s Interesting

 

While remnants of the HIV-1’s genetic material remain in the patients’ tissue, the researchers explained that these are essentially harmless “fossils” of the infection. Thus, they are incapable of reproducing the virus itself.

 

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