How to Take Care of Your Pet Fish
Wed, April 21, 2021

How to Take Care of Your Pet Fish

Maintaining a freshwater fish aquarium is not hard just as long as one is prepared when bad things happen to their pet fish / Photo by: Morrowind via Shutterstock

 

Many people claim that having an aquarium in the house is great for those want to have a pet but who don't have the time to take care of dogs or cats. Maintaining a freshwater fish aquarium is not hard just as long as one is prepared when bad things happen to their pet fish. According to Fish Subsidy, an organization dedicated to providing aid for fish owners, there are factors that pet owners should understand when it comes to the causes of fish diseases in the aquarium. 

Aquarium fish diseases are more common than you think. When a pet cat or dog gets sick, their owners are more or less familiar with how to treat them if not they just bring the animal outright to the vet’s clinic. It is quite different and maybe harder if we’re talking about pet fishes, as what ails them can be hard to detect especially when there are no obvious physical symptoms. 

Fish owners should keep in mind that usually, fish diseases come from the bacteria build up in the tank. This is why you must always make sure that the aquarium is maintained clean so that the fish will have a healthy surrounding, doubly so if you have a more delicate fish species. It is also worth knowing that putting in a new fish in the aquarium can increase the chance of infecting the whole tank with bacteria. 

 

Other Causes of Bacteria

According to Fish Subsidy, aquarium fish require an equal amount of both macro and micronutrients. Providing this kind of diet will help the fish to maintain a strong body that can repel common diseases more effectively. Similar to people and other animals, a nutritional deficiency will leave fishes vulnerable to different kinds of illnesses. 

 

Tank Size and Water Quality

For fish, the tank you choose to make their home is also crucial to their general well-being. This means that the fish needs an ample-sized aquarium in order for them to move around freely and build a solid immune system. Experts recommend that a normal-sized aquarium for small fishes should be 20 gallons. 

Fish also need water soundness in order for them to stay healthy. Dirty water will eventually break down oxygen while producing dangerous amounts alkali that will wreak havoc on a fish’s health and surely lead to its death. There are some aquarium fish species that require a specific pH of the water to thrive. The same is true for water hardness and alkalinity. 

For fish, the tank you choose to make their home is also crucial to their general well-being / Photo by: Africa Studio via Shutterstock

 

Swim Bladder Disorder

Swim bladder disorder refers to a collection of health issues that involves the swim bladder. It is said that this disorder is common in goldfish and betas (Siamese fighting fish), although it can strike virtually any species of fish. The Spruce Pets, a website that offers practical and real-life tips that help in taking care of your pet, defined swim bladder disorder as a condition when the swim bladder does not function properly because of disease, physical abnormalities, or other mechanical and environmental factors.

A fish that suffers from swim bladder disorder displays various symptoms that involve buoyancy, such as sinking to the bottom or floating to the top of the tank, floating upside down or on its side. The fish might also struggle to maintain a normal position. Problems in buoyancy could also mean that it is not able to feed normally because of its struggle with swimming or simply because it doesn’t have an appetite at all, which is also caused by the disease.

This disorder is usually caused by compression of the swim bladder. It involves a swollen stomach from rapid eating, overeating, constipation, or too much gulping of air. A fish that has eaten freeze-dried or dry flake food can also suffer from an enlarged stomach or intestinal tract. The other abdominal organs can become bloated as well and affect the swim bladder. 

 

Fungal Infections

Fungal infections are one of the most common illnesses in fish. Pet Barn, a consumer pet care company, mentioned that fungal spores normally populate fish tanks, and any fish is susceptible to an infection, which, if not cured, can lead to death.

A fungal infection in fish manifests as a white, cotton-wool-like growth on the skin, mouth, fins, or gills. This disease usually needs a two-part treatment. Fish owners can treat this condition by separating the infected fish and putting it in a quarantine tank. Then, you need to clean the aquarium by making a 30 to 50% water change and siphoning of the tank’s gravel. You can also add aquarium salt and an anti-fungal agent in the water. Just make sure the fish can tolerate it.

Pet Barn, a consumer pet care company, mentioned that fungal spores normally populate fish tanks, and any fish is susceptible to an infection, which, if not cured, can lead to death / Photo by: Green Jo via Shutterstock

 

Popeye

Popeye is not a disease, but it is a symptom of an underlying problem in the fish. This symptom causes a build-up of fluids either behind the eye or in the eye itself. This condition is usually caused by fighting, bacterial infection, or poor-quality water. Once you notice an issue with your fish’s eye, it is important to make sure that you remove any sharp objects from the tank and observe them to see if there is an aggressor.

When properly taken care of, aquarium fish will live long lives. A well-maintained aquarium will always be nice to look at and have a calming effect on its owner.